The First Court of Appeals is a court of intermediate appellate jurisdiction for both criminal and civil cases appealed from district and county courts. The types of cases heard by the Court cover a broad range including civil, probate, family, and criminal matters. The Texas Supreme Court and the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals are courts of discretionary jurisdiction and take relatively few cases. The Courts of Appeal are the final court for most cases in Texas.
Each Court of Appeals has jurisdiction over a specific geographical region. The First Court of Appeals has jurisdiction over Austin, Brazoria, Chambers, Colorado, Fort Bend, Galveston, Grimes, Harris, Waller and Washington counties.